Iran's defense expenditure is low at 3% of GDP.
The USA spends about 5% of GDP on defense, but when hidden cost are factored in the true security bill could be as much as 10% of GDP, or closer to $1500 billion (Chalmers Johnson)
Israel's defense budget is close to 8%, but when USA military aid is factored in and hidden costs, then it could be as high as 12% of GDP.
Therefore against Iran's two long stated adversaries Iran spends too little on defense.
Is this because the Iranian military machine is phenomenally great, with 1 Iranian soldier worth 10 American ones...............HARDLY!!!!!
Iranian soldiers are of very poor quality, given that most of the soldiers in the very small army of 350,000 are conscripts, given basic training, poor pay, poor living conditions and armed with poor equipment.
The same with the 50,000 airforce personnel armed with about 350 Museum variety combat planes from around the world, which will cease to fly within a month since they would not have the spare parts.
I will not waste my breath on the Revolutionary Guard numbering 125,000, established by the mullahs as a parallel force to the army....and now hear that they become first class mafia businessmen.......like the Pakistani generals.
In a war it is the role of the army (80%) and airforce (20%) that determines victory or defeat. The navy does not matter......unless you are an Island nation, like the UK. We can observe Libya now and take lessons.
Can the low expenditure on defense be explained by some other good reason? Maybe the mullahs are spending ALL the petro-$ on making the Iranian economy successful and the people prosperous? Hardly given the economic mess in Iran now, with a mere 3% GDP growth this year.
Iran requires massive INDUSTRIALIZATION, which then allows Iran to build a credible domestic defense industry. This will also create jobs of course. Then Iran will not have to scour the world begging to buy third rate equipment at over inflated prices in order to beat American imposed sanctions.
Iran will need steel production of 60 million tons from the current 12 million tons.
500 Billion kWt electricity generation.
100 medium sized machine tools factories.
Fertilizer factories producing 20 million tons of fertilizer.
10,000 electric goods factories.
500 ordnance factories, many deep underground......or scratch and build underground.
So that Iran can mass produce her own tanks in the 1000's....this Iran cannot do now, save for taking parts from various foreign tanks and putting them together and calling it an "Iranian manufactured tank"
Iran needs to mass produce her own 105mm and 155mm artillery. This Iran cannot do now.
Iran requires an airforce with 1000 warplanes which are domestically produced with all the parts. This Iran cannot do now.
Iran however does not need to manufacture submarines.......in the shallow waters of the Gulf they are worthless. Iran does not need to manufacture Frigates, or Destroyers as announced a few months back. If there is conflict it will be on land. The sea is irrelevant.
For Iran to have a normal defense system, the Iranian people first must overcome the stupid mullahs from their mosques.
Iran to build new frigates, submarines
Iran's Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi says the country has taken major strides towards constructing new flying boats, including frigates, while planning to manufacture new arms.
Iran has also launched the construction of various navigation and control systems and will begin production of the remaining parts in a near future, IRNA quoted Vahidi as saying on Friday.
He lauded the first international engagement of the Iranian submarine Yunes and said, “The move was a very significant step in displaying Iran's naval power.”
The minister stated that the move reflected a proof that Iran is making great progress towards the achievement of its objectives in the naval field.
Early in July, Iran's Yunes submarine, sailing alongside warships of the 14th fleet of the Iranian Navy, returned home following a nearly two-month-long mission in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.
The deployment of the Iranian military submarine in the Red Sea represented the first such mission by the country's naval forces in far-off waters.
In February, two Iranian Navy ships, Khark and Alvand, passed through the Suez Canal, a strategic international shipping route in Egypt, for the first time since the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979.
In recent years, Iran has made great achievements in the defense sector and attained self-sufficiency in essential military equipment and systems.
Iran has repeatedly assured other nations, especially its neighbors, that its military might poses no threat to other countries, insisting that its defense doctrine is based on deterrence.