15.2.09

Failed state number 9.

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Ever wondered why Pakistan is a failed state, number 9 from the bottom? I imagine there are number of reasons (from wikipedia):



Indicators of State Vulnerability


The index's ranks are based on twelve indicators of state vulnerability - four social, two economic and six political.[4] The indicators are not designed to forecast when states may experience violence or collapse. Instead, they are meant to measure a state's vulnerability to collapse or conflict. All countries in the red, orange, or yellow categories display some features that make parts of their societies and institutions vulnerable to failure. Some in the yellow zone may be failing at a faster rate than those in the more dangerous orange or red zones, and therefore could experience violence sooner. Conversely, some in the red zone, though critical, may exhibit some positive signs of recovery or be deteriorating slowly, giving them time to adopt mitigating strategies.

Social Indicators

1. Demographic pressures: including the pressures deriving from high population density relative to food supply and other life-sustaining resources. The pressure from a population's settlement patterns and physical settings, including border disputes, ownership or occupancy of land, access to transportation outlets, control of religious or historical sites, and proximity to environmental hazards.

2. Massive movement of refugees and internally displaced peoples: forced uprooting of large communities as a result of random or targeted violence and/or repression, causing food shortages, disease, lack of clean water, land competition, and turmoil that can spiral into larger humanitarian and security problems, both within and between countries.[6]

3. Legacy of vengeance-seeking group grievance: based on recent or past injustices, which could date back centuries. Including atrocities committed with impunity against communal groups and/or specific groups singled out by state authorities, or by dominant groups, for persecution or repression. Institutionalized political exclusion. Public scapegoating of groups believed to have acquired wealth, status or power as evidenced in the emergence of "hate" radio, pamphleteering and stereotypical or nationalistic political rhetoric.[7]

4. Chronic and sustained human flight: both the "brain drain" of professionals, intellectuals and political dissidents and voluntary emigration of "the middle class." Growth of exile/expat communities are also used as part of this indicator.

Economic Indicators

5. Uneven economic development along group lines: determined by group-based inequality, or perceived inequality, in education, jobs, and economic status. Also measured by group-based poverty levels, infant mortality rates, education levels.[9]

6. Sharp and/or severe economic decline: measured by a progressive economic decline of the society as a whole (using: per capita income, GNP, debt, child mortality rates, poverty levels, business failures.) A sudden drop in commodity prices, trade revenue, foreign investment or debt payments. Collapse or devaluation of the national currency and a growth of hidden economies, including the drug trade, smuggling, and capital flight. Failure of the state to pay salaries of government employees and armed forces or to meet other financial obligations to its citizens, such as pension payments.

Political Indicators

7. Criminalization and/or delegitimisation of the state: endemic corruption or profiteering by ruling elites and resistance to transparency, accountability and political representation. Includes any widespread loss of popular confidence in state institutions and processes.

8. Progressive deterioration of public services: a disappearance of basic state functions that serve the people, including failure to protect citizens from terrorism and violence and to provide essential services, such as health, education, sanitation, public transportation. Also using the state apparatus for agencies that serve the ruling elites, such as the security forces, presidential staff, central bank, diplomatic service, customs and collection agencies.

9. Widespread violation of human rights: an emergence of authoritarian, dictatorial or military rule in which constitutional and democratic institutions and processes are suspended or manipulated. Outbreaks of politically inspired (as opposed to criminal) violence against innocent civilians. A rising number of political prisoners or dissidents who are denied due process consistent with international norms and practices. Any widespread abuse of legal, political and social rights, including those of individuals, groups or cultural institutions (e.g., harassment of the press, politicization of the judiciary, internal use of military for political ends, public repression of political opponents, religious or cultural persecution.)

10. Security apparatus as ‘state within a state’: an emergence of elite or praetorian guards that operate with impunity. Emergence of state-sponsored or state-supported private militias that terrorize political opponents, suspected "enemies," or civilians seen to be sympathetic to the opposition. An "army within an army" that serves the interests of the dominant military or political clique. Emergence of rival militias, guerilla forces or private armies in an armed struggle or protracted violent campaigns against state security forces.

11. Rise of factionalised elites: a fragmentation of ruling elites and state institutions along group lines. Any use of nationalistic political rhetoric by ruling elites, often in terms of communal irredentism or of communal solidarity (e.g., "ethnic cleansing" or "defending the faith.")

12. Intervention of other states or external factors: military or Para-military engagement in the internal affairs of the state at risk by outside armies, states, identity groups or entities that affect the internal balance of power or resolution of the conflict. Intervention by donors, especially if there is a tendency towards over-dependence on foreign aid or peacekeeping missions.(Like USA,UK, France, ISRAEL)

Failed States List

2008







Failed States according to the "Failed States Index 2008" of
Foreign Policy

177 states were included in the list, of which 35 were classified as "alert", 92 as "warning", 35 as "moderate", 15 as "sustainable". The worst 20 states are shown below. Change in rank from 2007 is shown in parentheses.

1. Somalia (+2)(American interference)
2. Sudan (-1) (American/Israeli interference)
3. Zimbabwe (+1) (Israeli puppet?????)
4. Chad (+1) (??????????French interference)
5. Iraq (-3) (American occupation and destruction)
6. Democratic Republic of the Congo (+1)(Every predatory nation on earth including the primary 4 mentioned above......4--8 million genocided)
7. Afghanistan (+1) (occupied and destroyed by the USA, and NATO reluctantly)
8. Côte d'Ivoire (-2) (France/Israel??????)
9. Pakistan (+3)(USA/UK)
10. Central African Republic (0)(France)


But surely one of the main reasons must be to do with the interference of the USA/UK in Pakistani political life, where corrupt gangster politicians like Zardari, and an even more corrupt military are propped up by the USA (The USA/UK have problems forming genuine friendships with decent honest Pakistanis, of which the vast majority of Pakistanis clearly are)......through economic aid and military aid the USA line the personal pockets of the criminal elements in Pakistani society, and in addition receive a cut in the drug business out of Afghanistan, which is controlled by the USA (As happened in Vietnam 1965-75, and in "counter insurgency operations" in Central and South America....security operations as cover for narco-business)

There are some basic observations which can be made even from a secular writers perspective about America which may have significant implications for Pakistan, this is not rocket science:

1) America is a racist country, it wages open war and covert war in "people of color' countries.....it has done so for the better part of 110 years.

2) America contains Jews, between 6-9 million of them. Jews have their own set of agendas, separate from America, and significantly related to Israeli interests and geo-strategic objectives.(Eretz Israel/Pak nuke bomb)

3) America contains Christian fundamentalists, many of whom favor Jihad against Islam.

4) Taking those above basic points, the reality of American Pakistani relations have NEVER been good for the last 50 odd years, and never will be. More than any other nation America is the primary nation, through their Pakistani agents/puppets which/who have done the greatest amount of harm to Pakistan-----face this fact bhai saab.