6.11.14

India Russia Cooperation

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  • How can the two countries bolster a massive increase in trade from the very small figure of $10 billion for 2013?
  • What can the two countries do to help each other in the event of a $ collapse?
  • How quickly can the Pak T-50 program be pushed so that India has a production and assembly plant for these fighters from 2017?
  • What mechanism or adjudicating body/organization can be set up (in Moscow/Delhi) to ensure that ALL military sales from Russia, and after sale/service spare parts are delivered on time without any problems on contracts...THE MAJOR FACTOR FORCING INDIA TO LOOK FOR military contracts from Israel, USA, France.
  • How can India buy buy gas and oil from Russia? And how can it be transported via Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. If India imports $100 billion worth of oil & gas every year.....why can't India import 50% of that from Russia..from a secure steadfast ally?........as the country which is the most strategically important nation to India since 1950.
  • How can the two countries cooperate in R&D?
  • India desperately needs more electricity/power from the current installed generating capacity of 253.389 GW to 1000 GW by 2030......what can Russia do to set up Gas, oil, hydro-electric, coal, thermal and nuclear power stations in India quickly. What technology does Russia have..and can offer for converting Barium and Thorium into electric power?
  • Problems with India's power sector (WIKIPEDIA)

    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/67/Sabarmati_Thermal_Power_Station_%28STPS%29%2C_Ahmedabad.jpg

    India's electricity sector faces many issues. Some are:[37][21][99][100]
  • A system of cross-subsidization is practiced based on the principle of 'the consumer's ability to pay'. In general, the industrial and commercial consumers subsidize the domestic and agricultural consumers.[101] Further, Government giveaways such as free electricity for farmers, partly to curry political favour, have depleted the cash reserves of state-run electricity-distribution system. This has financially crippled the distribution network, and its ability to pay for power to meet the demand.[102] This situation has been worsened by government departments of India that do not pay their bills.
  • Key implementation challenges for India's electricity sector include new project management and execution, ensuring availability of fuel quantities and qualities, lack of initiative to develop large coal and natural gas resources available in India, land acquisition, environmental clearances at state and central government level, and training of skilled manpower to prevent talent shortages for operating latest technology plants.[103]
  • Shortages of fuel: despite abundant reserves of coal, India is facing a severe shortage of coal. The country isn't producing enough to feed its power plants. Some plants do not have reserve coal supplies to last a day of operations. India's monopoly coal producer, state-controlled Coal India, is constrained by primitive mining techniques and is rife with theft and corruption; Coal India has consistently missed production targets and growth targets. Poor coal transport infrastructure has worsened these problems. To expand its coal production capacity, Coal India needs to mine new deposits. However, most of India's coal lies under protected forests or designated tribal lands. Any mining activity or land acquisition for infrastructure in these coal-rich areas of India, has been rife with political demonstrations, social activism and public interest litigations.
  • Poor pipeline connectivity and infrastructure to harness India's abundant coal bed methane and shale gas potential.
  • The giant new offshore natural gas field has delivered less fuel than projected. India faces a shortage of natural gas.
  • Hydroelectric power projects in India's mountainous north and north east regions have been slowed down by ecological, environmental and rehabilitation controversies, coupled with public interest litigations.
  • Theft of power
  • Losses in the connector systems/service connections leading to premature failure of capital equipments like transformers
  • India's nuclear power generation potential has been stymied by political activism since the Fukushima disaster in Japan.
  • Average transmission, distribution and consumer-level losses exceeding 30% which includes auxiliary power consumption of thermal power stations, fictitious electricity generation by wind generators & independent power producers (IPPs), etc.
  • Over 300 million (300 million) people in India have no access to electricity. Of those who do, almost all find electricity supply intermittent and unreliable.
  • Lack of clean and reliable energy sources such as electricity is, in part, causing about 800 million (800 million) people in India to continue using traditional biomass energy sources – namely fuel wood, agricultural waste and livestock dung – for cooking and other domestic needs.[17] Traditional fuel combustion is the primary source of indoor air pollution in India, causes between 300,000 to 400,000 deaths per year and other chronic health issues.
  • India's coal-fired, oil-fired and natural gas-fired thermal power plants are inefficient and offer significant potential for greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reduction through better technology. Compared to the average emissions from coal-fired, oil-fired and natural gas-fired thermal power plants in European Union (EU-27) countries, India's thermal power plants emit 50% to 120% more CO2 per kWh produced.[104]
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  • How can the mechanism for intelligence sharing between the two countries increase?
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India, Russia iron out wrinkles before Putin’s India visit next month

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By Times of India



Ahead of the Modi-Putin summit meet next month, India and Russia Wednesday took note of important outstanding issues requiring immediate attention and recommended early resolution of such issues "amicably in tune with the spirit of traditional friendship and mutual trust between the two countries''.

The 20th meeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation (IRIGC-TEC) was co-chaired here by foreign minister Sushma Swaraj and Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.

One of the "key'' decisions taken during the meeting was to work on a proposal for establishment of a Smart City in India by Russian company AFK Sistema.

"The commission reviewed the progress on a broad spectrum of bilateral issues including trade, economic, scientific, technological and cultural cooperation and suggested actions for realizing the full potential of this important relationship,'' the government said in a statement.

Rogozin later called on Modi who told him that he was looking forward to his meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin next month. Modi said India attached high importance to the special and privileged strategic ties with Russia.

He said Putin's visit would provide an opportunity to take forward bilateral relations to a new level.