The British created the Muslim League in Dhaka in what is now Bangladesh in 1905, when it was part of undivided India, under the British Raj.
The British created the Muslim Brotherhood (see article at the very end by Brendan O'Neil) in Egypt in the 1920's, and funded the building of the first mosque for the organization in Cairo.
The British helped the House of Saud solidify their control of the country and the spread of Wahhabism, at the expense of the more moderate Hashemite clan.
Londonistan has traditionally been the home of the greatest concentration of so called Islamic scholars of the radicalized political bent, who wish to see harsh aspects of political Islam imposed on various Muslim countries (57).
London has traditionally been host to an array of colorful B-movie characters who are given open license to spread their extremist Islamic dogma under the concept of freedom of speech either through mosques funded by Saudi, or community centers funded by local London councils.
Indeed so fervent is Londonistan in encouraging this group of Islamists ........one can find many many hundreds of Islamists from around the world living in council buildings drawing social security. Sometimes the British Council funds such people from around the world to come to the UK to study "Islamic history" at various UK prestigious universities......where upon they are formally recruited by British Intelligence, either directly through interview or through university Islamic associations, and Headbuterrier---al-Magarine, run directly by MI-5.
For the utterly evil nasty Jewish run British empire, Islamic Fundamentalists had their uses. Islamists were on the whole backward looking stupid, uneducated, sometimes violent or shall we say fervent people who could be brought out of the imperial pocket when the need arose. Islamists with their unrealistic Pan-Islamic yester year dreams of the Caliphate were useful against local SECULAR nationalists who were more articulate, effective and MODERN in opposing the British colonials.
The Muslim League in India run by British Intelligence, and their agent Jinnah was effective in weakening the aspirations of the secular popular mass grass roots movement of the Congress Party of Nehru/Gandhi as it was then running up to Independence (not as it is now).........ditto the use of the Muslim Brotherhood by the British in Egypt against secular, effective MODERN Egyptian nationalism. Both Nasser and Saddam Hussein the well informed CIA agents with extensive intelligence backgrounds, and Sadat clearly without mistake understood this FACT. They did not waste their time trying to understand and accommodate such Imperial funded and created creatures.
If this policy was good for the British, why couldn't the American's also adopt such a policy?
In the 1970's the USA tilted towards using Islamists either directly.....or if that was too nauseating, through the local banana republic Third World military (Egypt gradually after Sadat's assassination; Pakistan from the late 1970's and Indonesia from the 1960's).......in this policy tilt the American's received a lot of encouragement from Bernard LewisThe British Jewish super agent in the USA, and the go to guy by Capitol Hill as the self-appointed "expert" of ISLAM.........and the man who first coined the term Clash of Civilization.
The end result of this British/Jewish effort and influence in the USA was, Operation Cyclone....and Operation Greenbelt.
The reliable American "Policeman of the Gulf" puppet the Shah was unceremoniously ditched, and not allowed even to enter the USA......as he was destabilized by Carter during 1977--1979.
The USA started funding extremist Afghan Islamists during the late 1970's.....with considerable Saudi help later onwards.
Sadat was assassinated by the Muslim Brotherhood in 1981, presumably the work of the USA.
The Muslim Brotherhood attempted a spectacular uprising in Socialist Syria in 1982, which was brutally put down with 20,000 deaths by the highly talented dictator Hafeez al- Assad. Presumably that was also an USA covert ops.
AND this American policy it has continued since to the present.........
The creation of the extremist medieval Taliban using the services of the Pakistan military from 1994.
The creation of the "al-Qaeda" global hologram, which America can only deal with from about 1998?
Islamists in Somalia, mostly connected to London and possibly the USA.
"al-Qaeda" in the Arabian peninsular, again a product of the USA, and Saleh to keep the aid flowing.
Islamist activity in Indonesia courtesy of the USA, via the Indonesian military (Kaupasus special forces)
Islamist activity in Pakistan courtesy of the USA, via the Pakistan military (ISI)
If the British and Americans can play this Islamist card then WHY can't ISRAEL?
Why indeed......and you have HAMAS created and funded by Israel from the 1970's.
The benefits of Hamas for Israel are obvious IN ONE SENSE. The Israelis can throw their arms in the air and say they can't possibly negotiate peace with such extremists who want to drive all Israelis into the sea. Second the Israelis can also milk the sympathy card that the Islamic hordes are at the gates of Jerusalem........to the impressionable Jewish audience in Western countries.
Hamas divides the Palestinians, and denies Palestinians the voice of the Christian Palestinians who are further marginalized, who otherwise form the most educated, organized and articulate section of Palestinian society (as with secular nationalists). A Christian Palestinian speaking rationally and engaging Western audiences with their needs and problems (In the manner of Hannan Ashrawi) will always be more effective PR than a bearded turban wearing Hamas official armed with an AK-47 and punching his fist in the air at mass rallies attended by Balaclava wearing young angry Palestinian men.
There are "Peoples Revolutions" in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Syria, and Yemen funded by the USA and its democracy NGO'S. The USA has a long history and experience in such revolutions dating back to the last century, around the world.
On the other hand, "Peoples Revolutions" are common and have existed since time immemorial.....the first recorded dating back almost 5000 years in ancient Iraq. However if such revolutions eventually see Islamists Parties into ultimate power, with Londonistan emptying of their followers, .......as with Iran in 1979............then we must all hesitate and and struggle, and argue against such "People Revolutions".
Tunisia after the peoples revolution faces an economic and social abyss.
Libya was prosperous under the erratic eccentric Qaddafi dictatorship.......no dozens of palaces, or mass graves by Qaddafi. But now the country faces Balkanisation and destruction as NATO bombs the country into its own particular type of freedom.
In Egypt, heaven forbid if the Muslim Brotherhood win the majority of seats in forth coming parliamentary elections..........The Suez will be occupied by NATO; Christian/Muslim riots instigated by Israel...division of the country along the Sudanese lines......and a pariah state, constantly threatened like Iran now.
Syria, continues to struggles to maintain its unity. You cannot have pure democracy if you are a target state and a neighbor of Israel.
Hamas, Son of Israel
Amid all the howls of pain and gnashing of teeth over the triumph of Hamas in the Palestinian elections, one fact remains relatively obscure, albeit highly relevant: Israel did much to launch Hamas as an effective force in the occupied territories. If ever there was a clear case of “blowback,” then this is it. As Richard Sale pointed out in a piece for UPI:
“Israel and Hamas may currently be locked in deadly combat, but, according to several current and former U.S. intelligence officials, beginning in the late 1970s, Tel Aviv gave direct and indirect financial aid to Hamas over a period of years. Israel ‘aided Hamas directly – the Israelis wanted to use it as a counterbalance to the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization),’ said Tony Cordesman, Middle East analyst for the Center for Strategic [and International] Studies. Israel’s support for Hamas ‘was a direct attempt to divide and dilute support for a strong, secular PLO by using a competing religious alternative,’ said a former senior CIA official.”
Middle East analyst Ray Hanania concurs:
“In addition to hoping to turn the Palestinian masses away from Arafat and the PLO, the Likud leadership believed they could achieve a workable alliance with Islamic, anti-Arafat forces that would also extend Israel’s control over the occupied territories.”
In a conscious effort to undermine the Palestine Liberation Organization and the leadership of Yasser Arafat, in 1978 the government of then-Prime Minister Menachem Begin approved the application of Sheik Ahmad Yassin to start a “humanitarian” organization known as the Islamic Association, or Mujama. The roots of this Islamist group were in the fundamentalist Muslim Brotherhood, and this was the seed that eventually grew into Hamas – but not before it was amply fertilized and nurtured with Israeli funding and political support.
Begin and his successor, Yitzhak Shamir, launched an effort to undercut the PLO, creating the so-called Village Leagues, composed of local councils of handpicked Palestinians who were willing to collaborate with Israel – and, in return, were put on the Israeli payroll. Sheik Yassin and his followers soon became a force within the Village Leagues. This tactical alliance between Yassin and the Israelis was based on a shared antipathy to the militantly secular and leftist PLO: the Israelis allowed Yassin’s group to publish a newspaper and set up an extensive network of charitable organizations, which collected funds not only from the Israelis but also from Arab states opposed to Arafat.
Ami Isseroff, writing on MideastWeb, shows how the Israelis deliberately promoted the Islamists of the future Hamas by helping them turn the Islamic University of Gaza into a base from which the group recruited activists – and the suicide bombers of tomorrow. As the only higher-education facility in the Gaza strip, and the only such institution open to Palestinians since Anwar Sadat closed Egyptian colleges to them, IUG contained within its grounds the seeds of the future Palestinian state. When a conflict arose over religious issues, however, the Israeli authorities sided with the Islamists against the secularists of the Fatah-PLO mainstream. As Isseroff relates, the Islamists
“Encouraged Israeli authorities to dismiss their opponents in the committee in February of 1981, resulting in subsequent Islamisation of IUG policy and staff (including the obligation on women to wear the hijab and thobe and separate entrances for men and women), and enforced by violence and ostracization of dissenters. Tacit complicity from both university and Israeli authorities allowed Mujama to keep a weapons cache to use against secularists. By the mid 1980s, it was the largest university in occupied territories with 4,500 students, and student elections were won handily by Mujama.”
Again, the motive was to offset Arafat’s influence and divide the Palestinians. In the short term, this may have worked to some extent; in the longer term, however, it backfired badly – as demonstrated by the results of the recent Palestinian election.
The Hamas infrastructure of mosques, clinics, kindergartens, and other educational institutions flourished not only because they were lavishly funded, but also due to being efficiently run. Sheik Yassin and the future leaders of Hamas acquired a reputation for “clean” governance and good administrative practices, which would greatly aid them – especially in comparison to the PLO, which was widely perceived as corrupt. Indeed, “clean government” – and not the necessity of armed struggle – was the main theme of their successful election campaign.
The response of Israel and the U.S. has been shock, horror – and a stated refusal to deal with any government dominated by Hamas. U.S. congressional leaders – who unhelpfully passed a resolution prior to the Palestinian poll that demanded Hamas be banned from running – are now calling the entire “peace process” into question. Yet no one acknowledges that the victory of the Suicide Bombers Party demonstrated, in practice, an ancient principle expressed, I believe, by no less an authority than the Bible (Galatians 6:7):
“Be not deceived. God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.”
This “blowback” principle applies to Hamas not only insofar as Israel was involved in funding and encouraging Mujama, but also, after the consolidation of Hamas as an armed group, due to Israeli military policy. The much-touted “withdrawal,” which amounts to Israel giving up Gaza while strengthening its hand elsewhere in the occupied territories, has been grist for the radical Islamist mill, as has the Wall of Separation and the attempt to quash the vote in East Jerusalem. Israel’s relentless offensive against its perceived enemies – first Fatah, now Hamas and Islamic Jihad – has created a backlash and solidified support for fundamentalist extremist factions in the Palestinian community.
Likewise, the victory of Hamas will embolden the ultra-Zionists in Israel, who similarly mix a fanatic theology with faith in a military “solution” to the Palestinian “problem.” The electoral victory of Hamas was only a few hours old before Benjamin “Bibi” Netanyahu went on television explaining why any concessions to the Palestinians – including the Gaza pullback – only served to embolden the most radical elements, such as Hamas.
The stricken Ariel Sharon lies in his hospital bed, unconscious – while his unilateral “land for peace” plan suffers from a very similar condition. Sharon’s newly-formed Kadima Party is the big potential loser in all this, with Netanyahu’s Likud looking to gain bigtime. The irony is that, as defense minister, it was Sharon who helped conceive and oversee the Village Leagues scheme that did so much to implant and empower Hamas. Like some Middle Eastern version of Dr. Frankenstein, he wound up being struck down by his own monstrous creation.
There is a lesson in there, somewhere, though it isn’t one the Israelis or their American sponsors seem capable of learning just yet.
The idea that voting is some kind of panacea that will cleanse the Middle East of a self-defeating radicalism is an illusion that died a painful death with the election victory of Hamas. It had earlier suffered near-fatal convulsions with the ascension to power in Iraq of a Shi’ite fundamentalist coalition closely tied to Iran. The bitch-goddess of capital-D Democracy is a fickle and often perversely cruel deity, whose worshippers have been hit with a one-two punch as they seek to transform an entire region according to the canons of their peculiar dogma.________________________________
see also Making Enemies: How Israel helped to create Hamas